Royal Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya are about 5.5 km to the west of the city of Kandy in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It attracts 2 million visitors annually. It is near the Mahaweli River (the longest in Sri Lanka). It is renowned for its collection of orchids. The garden includes more than 4000 species of plants, including orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palm trees. Attached to it is the National Herbarium of Sri Lanka. It is about 460 meters above sea level, and with a 200-day annual rainfall.
Sri Dalada Maligawa or the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a Buddhist temple in the city of Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is located in the royal palace complex of the former Kingdom of Kandy, which houses the relic of the tooth of the Buddha. Kandy was the last capital of the Sri Lankan kings and is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka. Kandy is one of the most scenic cities in the world surrounded by spectacular mountains, the scenic Kandy Lake and the longest river in Sri Lanka.
Sigiriya (Lion Rock ) is an ancient rock (5th century fortress) located in the northern Matale District near the town of Dambulla in the Central Province, Sri Lanka. The name refers to a site of historical and archaeological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 metres high. According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavamsa, this site was selected by King Kasyapa (477 – 495 CE) for his new capital. Sigiriya is one of the UNESCO listed World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka. It is one of the best preserved examples of ancient urban planning
Dambulla cave temple also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is one of the World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka, situated in the central part of the country. This site is situated 148 km east of Colombo and 72 km north of Kandy and best preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock towers 160 m over the surrounding plains. There are more than 80 documented caves in the surrounding area. Major attractions are spread over five caves, which contain statues and paintings. These paintings and statues are related to Gautama Buddha and his life.
Horton Plains National Park is a protected area in the central highlands of Sri Lanka and is covered by montane grassland and cloud forest. This UNESCO designated Natural World Heritage site, being a biodiversity hotspot is one of the best places to observe nearly 750 species of plants, 24 species of mammals, 87 species of birds, 09 species of reptiles and 08 species of amphibians.
Sri Lanka’s gem industry has a very long and colorful history. Sri Lanka was affectionately known as Ratna-Dweepa which means Gem Island. A gemstone is the naturally occurring crystalline form of a mineral which is desirable for its beauty, valuable in its rarity, and durable enough to be enjoyed for generations. There are more than 30 popular gem varieties and many rare gemstones. The Gem industry in Sri Lanka has been in existence for over 2500 years. Some of the rarest of gem stones of exquisite beauty have taken pride of place.
Udawatta Forest Reserve, is a historic forest reserve on a hill-ridge in the city of Kandy. It is 104 hectares large. During the days of the Kandyan kingdom, the sanctuary is famous for its extensive avifauna. The reserve also contains a great variety of plant species, especially lianas, shrubs and small trees. The forest is of religious importance as there are three Buddhist meditation hermitages and three rock shelter dwellings for Buddhist monk hermits.
Minneriya national park is located 103 km away from Kandy and close to ancient city of Polonnaruwa. The ancient Minneriya Rainwater Reservoir irrigates a considerable area of the district of Polonnaruwa and is the focal point of the Minneriya National Park. May to October is the best period to visit Minneriya National Park in view of the famous Gathering of the wild elephant herds. The gathering is documented as the largest known meeting place of Asian Elephants in the world.
The railway contains some of the most magnificent scenic rail routes in the world. Particularly the Main Line winding through both natural beauties such as waterfalls, natural forest mountains, misty peaks and precipices, as well as tea estates, pine forests and engineering feats including bridges and peak level stations. From Ella to Kandy is one of the most picturesque in the whole country.
Tea production is one of the main sources of foreign exchange for Sri Lanka and Sri Lanka is the world's fourth-largest producer of tea and Reputed for its signature taste and aroma. There are four main types of teas that can be created from the leaves. Black Tea, Oolong Tea, Green Tea and White Tea. There are also the non-traditional herbal infusions.
The Knuckles Mountain Range lies in central Sri Lanka, in the Districts of Matale and Kandy. The higher montane area is often robed in thick layers of cloud. In addition to its aesthetic value, the range is of great scientific interest. It is a climatic microcosm of the rest of Sri Lanka as the conditions of all the climatic zones in the country are exhibited in the massif. At higher elevations there is a series of isolated cloud forests, harbouring a variety of flora and fauna.
The Ceylon Tea Museum at Hanthana was one of the first successful areas to cultivate tea. In 1959 the Tea Research Institute of Ceylon established a substation on land leased from the Hanthana Estate, similar to the Passara substation established in the 1920s. The Hanthana Station was set up to cater to the needs of mid-country tea plantations with regard to the physiology, entomology of tea and in particular the identification of drought resistant clones and the insect pest shot-hole borer.
In the Udu Nuwara area of the Kandy district lies a temple with a history of over six centuries. Built during the reign of King Wickremabahu III (1371-1394 AD) who ruled in the Kingdom of Gampola, the temple is practically covered in wood carvings. The woodwork is confirmed by UNESCO as some of the best and most detailed in the world. The temple is dedicated to the god known as ‘Murugan’ by the Hindus and ‘Katharagama deity’ by the Buddhists.
Lankatilaka Vihara is an ancient Buddhist temple situated in Udunuwara of Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is considered as the most magnificent architectural edifice created during the Gampola era. The history of the temple goes back to the 14th century. According to historical reports this temple was built by King Bhuvanekabahu IV, who reigned from 1341 to 1351 A. D.
Gadaladenyia Vihara is an ancient Buddhist temple situated in Pilimathalawa, Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is considered one of the largest rock temples in Sri Lanka. The history of the temple goes back to the 14th century. According to historical reports this temple was built in 1344, under the patronage of King Bhuvanekabahu IV.
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